Working within Legal Ethical and Policy Guidelines
The Principles of Ethical Professional Practice Committee aims to provide leadership on ethics matters and facilitate ongoing dialogue on ethical issues. The Committee also provides advisory advice to members on the application of the Principles, serves as a point of inquiry on various ethical issues and regularly reviews the Principles and recommends amendments to the Principles. The ethical and legal issues surrounding the conduct of clinical research with human participants had been a concern for policymakers, lawyers, scientists and clinicians for many years. The Declaration of Helsinki established ethical principles for clinical research involving human participants. The goal of clinical research is to systematically collect and analyze data from which potentially generalizable conclusions can be drawn in order to improve clinical practice and benefit patients in the future. Therefore, it is important to be familiar with Good Clinical Practice (GCP), an international quality standard provided by the International Conference on Harmonization of Technical Requirements for Registration of Human Pharmaceuticals (ICH) or the local version, Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (India`s equivalent of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration) and local regulatory policy, Ensure that research is conducted in an ethical and legal manner. In this article, we will briefly discuss the legal and ethical issues surrounding human recruitment, the basic principles of informed consent, and precautions to take when publishing data and clinical research. Some of the fundamental principles of PCM in research include defining the responsibilities of sponsors, researchers, monitoring and reviewing consent processes, and protecting individuals.  Ethics legislation and regulations are available on the Department`s Ethics Office website. If you do not have Internet access, contact your AEAD Assistant for a paper copy of the regulations.
If you do not know who your ethics counsellor is, call the ministry`s ethics office at (202) 514-8196 or check the website for a list of ethics officers within the ministry. Mistreatment of research participants is considered research misconduct (failure to approve ethics review, failure to follow approved protocol, lack or insufficient informed consent, subjects` exposure to physical or psychological harm, subjects` exposure to harm due to unacceptable research practices, or failure to maintain confidentiality).  There is also scientific misconduct involving fraud and deception. Emergency studies take place when potential subjects are unable to work and are unable to give informed consent (acute head injury, cardiac arrest). The Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences/World Health Organization guidelines and the Declaration of Helsinki provide exceptions to the requirement for informed consent in these situations. [4.7] There are slight differences in the laws governing the scope of the exceptions.  Legal standards are useful because they help people know what they cannot do. Legal standards allow authorities to apply rules when people do something illegal. For example, if someone steals, the legal standard “you can`t steal” is used to discipline that person, perhaps by putting them in jail.
Personal activities should be conducted on board personal equipment, except to the minimal extent that personal use of government equipment is permitted by departmental guidelines. Ethical standards, on the other hand, do not necessarily have a legal basis. They are based on the human principles of good and evil. For example, if you try to park your car in a parking lot and there is only one parking space left, the only legal standard you must follow is not to exceed the speed limit or crash into another car. Now, if you see another car going to that place, ethical standards tell you not to fight for space, but to give room to the car that was there first. It is the right thing to do. This is an ethical standard. Imagine you were the one walking around the place right now, and someone was walking by and parking there.
You would feel treated unfairly, and yes, you have been wronged, ethically. Another difference is that legal norms are written by government leaders, while ethical standards are written according to societal norms. For example, in the United States, standing in line is the social norm. A person would be breaking an ethical norm by cutting the line. However, this is not the case in another country. The social norm in this country might be that whoever can reach the door first can walk through the door first. In such a society, it is perfectly ethical to stand in line to reach the door first. In general, you should be aware of your responsibility to make an honest effort to use government property and official time, including a subordinate`s time, solely for official business and to protect and preserve government property. However, as an employee of the Department of Justice, you are generally entitled to minimal personal use of most office equipment and library facilities if the costs to government are negligible and it does not interfere with official business, if security regulations permit, and for your free time. This limited personal use is a privilege, not a right, and use by employees must comply with all restrictions.
Employees may not use government assets, including computer systems and individual electronic devices, for commercial purposes. send calls to lobby or engage in prohibited political activities; for activities that are illegal, inappropriate or offensive to colleagues or the public; or create, upload, post or store, copy or transmit sexually explicit or sexual material or material related to illegal gambling, illegal weapons, terrorist activities or any other illegal activity; or other prohibited uses set out in departmental and component orders or policies. Employees cannot use government devices to replace personal devices. Legal norms are standards set out in state laws. All laws to which lawyers refer are legal norms. If you drive through a big city downtown, you`ll notice parking signs everywhere telling you that you can`t park there for a long time, and they`ll quote a city law or code. This shows a legal standard. An employee is prohibited at all times from recruiting, procuring or accepting commercial sexual services, whether on duty, off duty or on personal vacation, and whether the activity is legal or tolerated in a particular jurisdiction, abroad or domestically.
Note that this policy may change as the SEC maintains SEC.gov to ensure that the site works efficiently and remains available to all users. This brings us to the biggest difference between legal and ethical norms. Ethical standards are based on human rights and injustices, while legal standards are strictly based on what is provided for by law. It is very possible for an action to be legal, but not ethical. As in the solitary parking example, both cars meet legal standards, but whoever takes away the space from the other driver who was there first does not meet an ethical standard. An employee shall endeavour to avoid actions that appear to violate the law or ethical standards set out in this Part. Good, well-designed studies advance the development of medical science. Poorly conducted studies violate the principle of justice by wasting time and resources on research sponsors, researchers and subjects, thereby undermining society`s trust in scientific research.
 The GCP Guidelines are an international standard of ethical and scientific quality for the design, conduct, recording and reporting of studies.  People`s quality of life can be improved by legal and legal means.